Lincoln and Douglas debates is revealed in a letter written by Stephen A. Douglas who said: "For one, I am opposed to Negro citizenship in any and every form. I believe this government was made by White Men, for the benefit of White Men and their posterity forever, and I am in favor of confining citizenship to White Men." (Emphasis added).
In reply to this letter, Abraham Lincoln (The Great Emancipator) said, "I will say then, that I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races-that I am not, nor ever had been in favor of making voters or jurors of Negroes, nor of qualifying them to hold office, nor to intermarry with white people: and I will say in addition to this that there is a physical difference between the White and Black races which I believe will forever forbid the two races living together on terms of social and political equality. And inasmuch as they cannot so live, while they do remain together there must be the position of superior and inferior, and I, as much as any man, am in favor of having the superior position assigned to the White Race."
This speech was made by Abraham Lincoln on October 13, 1858 in Quincy, Illinois, and was recorded in Abraham Lincoln Complete Works, edited by Nicolay and Hay, The Century Company, 1894, pages 369, 370, 457, and 458; and the same speech was given also at Charlston, Illinois, September 18, 1858 in the fourth debate with Douglas.