Incarceration in the United States is one of the main forms of punishment,rehabilitation, or both for the commission of felony and other offenses. The United States has the largest prison population in the world, and the second-highest per-capita incarceration rate, behind Seychelles (which has a total prison population of 786 out of a population of 90,024). In 2012, it was 707 adults incarcerated per 100,000 population.
According to the U.S.Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS),2,266,800 adults were incarcerated in U.S. federal and state prisons, andcounty jails at year-end 2011 – about 0.94% of adults in the U.S. residentpopulation. Additionally,4,814,200 adults at year-end 2011 were on probation or on parole. Intotal, 6,977,700 adults were under correctional supervision (probation, parole, jail, or prison) in2011 – about 2.9% of adults in the U.S. resident population.
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